Sleep is among the most fundamental needs for human beings and yet almost everyone experiences the same kind of sleep disorder throughout the lifetime. Deprivation of sleep may cause several serious medical conditions thereby reducing one’s life span. The fact is that everyone has a bad night but a consistent pattern of bad sleep may be a sign of sleep disorder which needs attention.
Various Sleep Disorders
Most of the sleep problems include snoring, insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome and sleep deprivation. Sleep disorders like anxiety and sleep apnea makes one uncomfortable and hence the need to look at them.
- Sleep apnea
This disorder is all about the inability to breathe normally when asleep. It is mostly caused by lack of adequate respiratory effort known as physical blockage or central sleep apnea. The physical blockage is known as obstructive sleep apnea.
A person suffering from sleep apnea may have abnormal pauses when breathing which last between a second and several minutes according to the National Institute of Health. The pauses may occur for about five to thirty times per hour. This is a lot of work when your body is trying to rest.
However, most of the people suffering from this disorder are not aware of it. Their bodies are usually exhausted due to the breathing efforts. Snoring is a common symptom of the obstructive sleep apnea and is an indication of other problems when paired with the feeling and fatigue upon waking up.
Remedy for sleep apnea
Diagnosis is made after the sleep study is over. Treatments for this type of sleep disorder range from the lifestyle changes to surgery. It all depends with the cause and severity of the apnea. However, most people are normally treated with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). This is a machine that forces the airway open during one’s sleep using a consistent flow of air.
- Sleep anxiety
Anxiety causes the sleeping problems. A new research has shown that sleep deprivation may cause an anxiety disorder. The research also shows that most forms of sleep disruption are present in almost all psychiatric disorders. People suffering from chronic insomnia have high risks of developing sleep anxiety.
Sleeplessness leads to poor performance at school or at work and thus there is increased risk of injury as well as health problems. In addition to this, those with this condition are at high risk for heart disease, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, heart failure, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity.
If you feel that you have sleep disorder, you should visit your care physician, a mental health professional or a sleep disorder clinic. The treatment options include cognitive behavior therapy and sleep medicine that teaches how you can identify or modify the behaviors which lead to sleeping disorders. Another remedy is trying the relaxation techniques as well as medication. You can also reduce sleep anxiety by doing the following
- Meditating and exercising
- Playing music
- Have adequate amount of sleep
- Reduce anxiety and direct stress elsewhere
- Talking to others and many others
- Circadian rhythm
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSDs) are sleep conditions which affect the internal body’s clock. The body clock is the one that tells you when to go to bed and when to get up. The body clock of the healthy sleepers tells them to go to bed between 10pm and 12am every night and get up between 5am and 7am having slept between 7 to 9 hours. However, people with this condition do not function properly. They are unable to get regular sleep. CRSDs are classified into extrinsic and intrinsic.
The extrinsic type is when something external causes sleep problems such as shift work sleep disorder and jet lag. Jet lag occurs if you are travelling across different time zones. The intrinsic types include delayed sleep phase syndrome, irregular sleep wake rhythm and advanced sleep phase syndrome.
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For you to combat this disorder, the doctors recommend for a bright light therapy. People undergoing this therapy are exposed to the bright lights which manipulates the body’s clock thus helping it to adjust to a new time zone or new sleep time. Another great cure is the use of melatonin supplements. Melatonin is produced naturally and makes one to feel sleepy. Therefore, taking this supplement at optimal times will be effective in curing the disorder.
The above are most common sleep disorder like anxiety and sleep apnea. By knowing the cause as well as remedy of each, it will work out fine for you in ensuring that you are free of sleep disorders.